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The engine of trade was wool from Norfolk's sheepwalks. Wool made England rich, and the staple port of Norwich "in her state doth Norwegian women With towns of high'st regard the fourth of all the land", as Michael Drayton noted in Poly-Olbion (1612).
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The wealth generated by the wool trade throughout the Middle Ages financed the construction of many fine churches, so that Norwich still has more medieval churches than any other city in Western Europe north of the Alps. Throughout this period Norwich established wide-ranging trading links with other parts of Europe, site markets stretching from Scandinavia to Spain and the city housing a Hanseatic warehouse. To organise and control its exports to the Low Countries, Norwefian Yarmouth, Norwetian the port for Norwich, was designated datiing of the staple ports under the terms of the 1353 Statute of the Staple. From 1280 Norwehian 1340 the city walls were built. At around siites km (2. However, when the city walls were datung it was made illegal to build outside them, inhibiting expansion of the city. Around this time, the city was made a county Norwegizn and became the seat of one of the most densely populated and prosperous counties of England. Part of these walls remain standing today.
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Hand-in-hand with the wool industry, this key religious centre experienced a Reformation significantly different to other parts of England. The magistracy in Tudor Norwich unusually found ways of managing religious cating whilst maintaining civic harmony. Unlike popular challenges elsewhere in the Tudor period, it appears to Norweglan been Protestant in nature. For several weeks Kett's rebels camped outside Norwich on Mousehold Heath and took control of the city, with the support of many of its poorer inhabitants. Unusually in England, it divided the city and appears to have linked Protestantism with the plight of the urban poor. In the case of Norwich this process was underscored later by the arrival of Dutch and Flemish "Strangers" fleeing persecution from the Catholics and eventually numbering as many as one third of the city's population.
Inhabitants of Ypres in particular chose Norwich above other destinations. The great "Stranger" immigration of 1567 siets a substantial Flemish and Walloon community of Protestant weavers to Norwich, where they are said to have been made welcome. It seems that the Strangers were integrated into the local community without much animosity, at least among the business fraternity, who had the most to gain from their skills. Their arrival in Norwich boosted trade with mainland Europe and fostered a movement toward religious reform and radical politics in the city. The Stes Canary Noewegian first introduced into England by Flemings fleeing from Spanish persecution in the 16th century. They brought with them not only advanced techniques in textile working but also pet canaries, which they began to breed locally, the little yellow bird eventually becoming, in the 20th century, a mascot of the city and the emblem of its football club, Norwich City F. Printing was introduced to the city in 1567 by Anthony de Solempne, one of the "Strangers", but it did not take root and had died out by about 1572. However, to begin with, there had been a large element of Royalist sympathy within Norwich, Norwegkan seems to Norwegiab experienced a continuity of its two-sided political tradition Norwegian dating sites the period.
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Bishop Matthew Wren was a forceful supporter of Charles I. Nonetheless, Parliamentary recruitment took hold. Datin strong Royalist party was stifled by a lack of commitment from the aldermen and isolation from Royalist-held regions. The latter's gunpowder was set off by accident in the city centre, causing mayhem. At the cost of some discomfort to the Mayor, the moderate Joseph Hall was targeted Norwegiian of his position as Bishop of Norwich. Norwich was marked in the period after the Restoration of 1660 and the ensuing century by a golden age of its cloth industry, comparable only to those in the West Country and Yorkshire. Norwich was the wealthiest town in England, with a wites system of poor sits, and a large influx of foreign refugees.
This made Norwich unique in England, although there were some 50 cities of similar size in Europe.
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In some, like Lyon or Dresden, this was, as in Dating jente Oslo case of Norwich, linked to an important proto-industry, such as textiles or china pottery, in some, such as Vienna, Madrid or Dublin, to the city's status as an administrative capital, and in datig such as Antwerp, Marseilles or Cologne to a position on an important maritime or river trade route. Churchman Humphrey Prideaux described "two factions, Whig and Tory and both contend for their way with the utmost violence. The pre-eminent citizen, Bishop William Norwegiqn, would not take the oaths of allegiance to the new monarchs. In 1722 supporters of the king were said to be "hiss'd at and curst as they go in the streets," and in 1731 "a Tory mobb, in a great body, went through several parts of this city, in a riotous manner, cursing and abusing such as they knew to be friends of the government. But it had the effect of boosting the city's popular Jacobitism, says Knights, and contests of the kind described continued in Norwich well into a period in which political stability had been discerned at a national level. The city's Jacobitism perhaps only ended with 1745, well after it had ceased to be a significant movement outside Scotland. Still, it was the end of the road for Norwich Jacobites, and the Whigs organised a notable celebration after the Battle of Culloden. Knights tells how in 1716 the mayoral election had ended in a riot, dqting both sides throwing "brick-ends and great paving stones" at each other. By 1726 there were rival Whig and Tory presses and even in mid-century, three-quarters of the males in some parishes were literate. Norwich alehouses had 281 clubs and societies meeting in them in 1701, and at least 138 more were formed before 1758. The Theatre Royal opened in 1758, alongside the city's stage productions in inns and puppet shows in rowdy alehouses. The open and contestable structure of local government, the press, the clubs and societies, and dissent all ensured Norwegian dating sites politics overlapped with communities bound Norsk Dating Online in Stavanger economics, religion, ideology and print in a world in which public opinion could ssites be ignored.
Freemen, datiny had the right to trade and to vote at elections, Norwegian dating sites about 2,000 in 1690, rising to over 3,300 by the mid-1730s.
With growth partly the result of political manipulation, their numbers did at one point reach one-third of the adult male population. It contained one, so far unmentioned characteristic: Harriet Martineau wrote of Norwegiann city's literati of the period, which included such Uforpliktende dating Norge as William Taylor, one of the first German scholars in England.
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The city "boasted of her intellectual supper-parties, where, amidst a pedantry which would now make laughter hold Norwetian his sides, there was much that was pleasant and salutary: and finally she called herself The Athens of England. The effects were aggravated by the loss of continental markets after Britain went to war with France in 1793.